How to use Aqua Sorb

about aquasorb

SAP or Superabsorbent polymers is a material which can absorb up to 300 times their weight in aqueous fluids. Once absorbed, they do not subsequently release it. They are therefore an ideal material for use in products which are designed to contain fluids such as baby diapers/nappies, incontinence products, and feminine hygiene pads and liners.

The benefits of superabsorbent polymers
✓ They help keep the skin dry. This is done by drawing the liquid away from the skin and absorbing and retaining it in the core of the product. This creates greater comfort for the user.

✓ They help protect against skin irritation in diaper users by reducing skin wetness. If skin becomes too wet it is more vulnerable to irritation because the natural balance of the skin, which helps protect against harmful bacteria, can be compromised. This is especially so in the presence of faeces and associated enzymes.

✓ They help prevent the spread of infections. The containment of fluid in the superabsorbent core reduces leakage. It also reduces the risk of urine mixing with faecal material and becoming contaminated with microorganisms which can cause the spread of diseases such as diarrhoea and gastroenteritis.

✓ They offer improved quality of life and personal dignity. Many people suffer from a lack of bladder or bowel control as a result of illness, disability or age. Disposable products with superabsorbents help many of these individuals and their care-givers maintain a quality of life with greater mobility and independence.

Industry

Application

Foundries, Asphalt Plants, Cement
Plants
Air/water scrubbers, settling ponds
Food Processing, Vegetable Canning,
Sugar Cane Processing, Fruit Preparation
Flotation and Settling Tanks,
Clarification, Wash Water Systems, Biological
Treatment Systems.
Metal Plating or Finishing
Treatment for Heavy Metals Removal,
Copper, Zinc, Iron, Nickel, Cadmium, Chromium Removal,
etc., and Oil Recovery.
Sand & Gravel Plants, Coal
Preparation, Limestone Quarries, Iron Ore, etc..
Mineral Washing and Water Recycling
Operations, Dewatering
Primary Metal Oil Recovery, Influent Clarification,
Scrubber Systems, Thickening, Biological Treatment
Systems.
Paper Biological treatment, Influent
Clarification, Dewatering.
Other Industrial Operations, such as
Glass Plants, Chemical Plants, Refineries, etc.
Water Recycling, Oil/water Separators,
etc.
Municipal Potable Water Plants Drinking Water Clarification,
Filtration
Thickening, Centrifugation or
Flotation
Sludge Dewatering
Problem: Polymer usage benefit / application
Adhesives Replacement of animal glues Gummed
paper tapes and labels
Aluminum anodization and surface
treatment
Chemical treatment of effluent Sludge
treatment
Aluminum smelters Water recycling
Aluminum sulfate Impurity removal during process
Asbestos plate Improvement of filtration rates
Borax production Process
Brewing industry Effluent
Brine clarification Ca and Mg removal
Ceramic industry Effluent treatment Centrifugation aid
Chemical industry effluent Organic chemicals and inorganics
Biological treatment sludge handling Physio-chemical
treatment
Clay and china clay production Water recycling Concentration
Coagulant Under certain circumstances polymers
Replace/partially replace inorganic coagulants
Coagulant aid i.e. flocculant reduction of 50% of
alum
Coal washeries Settling of coal slurries
Settling of tailings
Filtration of coal
Filtration of concentrated tailings
Centrifugation of tailings
Cyanidation Gold mining
Dairy and milk industry Biological treatment of effluent
Sludge handling
Dicalcium phosphate Wet process
Dredging and land reclamation Hopper dredges (slit settling)
Soil stabilization
Electroplating industry Treatment of hydroxides
Drying beds Reduction of drying time
Filter aid Sludge conditioning prior to
filtration
Floatation aid Improvement of particle size prior to
flotation
Food processing industry
Hydraulic back-fill In mining operations
Industrial raw water treatment As a coagulant aid during treatment of
river or underground water Dewatering of settled
sludge
Iron ore Filtration of fines Settling
Iron and steel industry Steel works blast furnace gas washing
Clarification in steel rolling mills
Clarification of pickling water
Latex and synthetic rubber effluent
treatment
Effluent treatment
Leaching Uranium mining
Copper mining
Other mineral processing
Lithophone Process
Magnesia from sea water Sedimentation of magnesium hydroxide
Meat processing Waste water treatment
Motor industry Waste water treatment
Municipal sewage Primary sludge treatment
Digested sludge treatment
Drying beds
Sleeve belt presses
Physio-chemical treatment
Phosphate removal
Oil production Treatment of drilling water
Drilling Muds
Secondary oil recovery
Petroleum refineries Effluent treatment
Pharmaceutical industry Effluent treatment
Phosphate ore Water recycling
Phosphate removal In municipal effluent
Phosphoric acid wet process Acid clarification
Filtration rate
Reduction of P2O5 losses in gypsum
Potato industry Effluent treatment
Potable water Improvement of process efficiency
Treatment of hydroxide sludge
Reduction of alum consumption
Potash mining Impurity removal in salt cold and hot
processes
Pulp and paper Treatment of incoming water
Filler fiber retention aid
Drainage aid
Flotation aid on save-all
Effluent treatment
Sand and gravel Water recycling
Clay removal
Settling aid Improvement of settling rates through
use of flocculant
Design of compact units
Sugar processing Cane or beet sugar clarification
Water recycling in beet sugar industry
Tailing disposal In mining for environmental purposes
or water economy
Tannery Effluent treatment
Textile industry Effluent treatment
Titanium dioxide manufacturing Clarification of “black liquors”
Processing of titanium dioxide slurries
Zinc electrolysis Acid leach
Natural leach

The majority are made of sodium polyacrylate and available in granular form or as fibers. The granular material is a polymer made up of millions of identical units of sodium acrylate formed into a chain-fence like structure. These are then linked together to make the material into a three-dimensional network. In their dry state the long polymer chains are coiled. When they absorb liquid, they uncoil, and the network expands. The liquid is then stored in the spaces in the molecular network and the material forms a gel which locks the liquid in.

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